The left side of the picture is the Tseung Kwan O area in 1909, and the right side is the modern day.
The coastal map of Guangdong in the local chronicle "Guangdong Daji" published in the Ming Dynasty clearly marked "Tseung Kwan O". Therefore, at least in the Ming Dynasty, Tseung Kwan O had already been settled by residents. Tseung Kwan O was inhabited as early as the 13th century, but a large number of population settlements did not appear until the late 16th century when many small fishing villages were built. Hang Hau used to be the most populous and prosperous place in the entire Clear Water Bay Peninsula, and developed into a market town. In the past few centuries, Tseung Kwan O has been mainly used for rural purposes.
In the 1960s, industrial activities flourished in Tseung Kwan O. These industries are mainly shipbuilding, ship repairing, ship breaking and steel rolling, while other industries include casting non-ferrous metals and producing industrial gases, many of which rely on water transportation. However, after the government approved the development of Tseung Kwan O as a new town in 1982, these industries gradually declined or moved to other places.
Until the mid-to-late 1980s, the Hong Kong government moved mountains and reclaimed seas in Tseung Kwan O to develop a new town in Tseung Kwan O, becoming the seventh new town in Hong Kong. In September 1987, the Tseung Kwan O Tunnel was built to connect East Kowloon and Hong Kong Island. It is still a new town. The main external traffic artery of the town.
Tseung Kwan O is divided into three phases of development: the first phase includes Po Lam, Tsui Lam, and Hong Sing Garden; the second phase includes Tseung Kwan O City Center and Hang Hau; the third phase is Tiu Keng Leng. While planning to develop into a town, Tseung Kwan O has also become an important landfill for garbage. The first phase of Tseung Kwan O landfill and the second phase of Tseung Kwan O landfill have been opened successively. Although the two have been closed successively, there are still operating SENT landfills. Compared with other areas in Hong Kong, Tseung Kwan O has much more waste to deal with. In recent years, Tseung Kwan O has become a key development area of the Hong Kong government, and many facilities have been completed, such as the Hong Kong Velodrome and the Tseung Kwan O Sports Ground. The Tseung Kwan O-Lam Tin Tunnel, which is currently under construction, is expected to be completed in 2021. By then, it will only take 5 minutes to travel from the Tseung Kwan O city center to the Eastern Submarine Tunnel, which is 10 minutes less than the current one.
There is a dispute about the English translation of Tseung Kwan O. Some people advocate the use of Junk Bay , while others advocate the use of Tseung Kwan O. In recent years, the land part has been officially called Tseung Kwan O , but the bay is still mostly marked as Junk Bay .